Islam is a 2nd largest religion in the world with more than 1.2 billion followers all over the world. Islam was founded by the final messenger of Allah Prophet Muhammad in 7th century. The main goal of Muslims is to please Allah (the GOD). This is the way through which one may gain enlightenment. There are many beautiful events that Muslims celebrate. These celebrations are the way to thank Allah. Islamic events are celebrated according to the Islamic Hijra Calendar. The events are of various types it may be cherishing, like visiting relatives and friends, going out in decent parties and they may be form of some spiritual and physical purification. The events may be yearly or weekly but Muslims have always been celebrating each and every event with full zeal and zest. Here we have listed 10 most beautiful events of Islam whose celebrations are mandated in authentic textual sources that is Al-Quran (Holy Book of Muslim) and Hadith.
Yawm-al-Jumah means Friday that is one of the days of week. Literal meaning of Yawm-al-Jumah is “day of gathering of people”. Muslims gather in the nearby mosque for the Khutba (sermon) after which they offer the Jumah Salat (Prayer) led by the Imam. Muslims are advised in their Holy Book Al-Quran to offer the prayer preferably in neat and clean clothes after taking bath and wearing perfume. There is no necessity of official holiday on Friday but in most of the Islamic countries the weekly holiday is on Friday and in the Islamic countries where they is no holiday on Friday, during the prayer time all the markets and shops are closed in the respect of Jumah prayer. In most of the offices the small mosque is made especially for workers to offer prayer. All the mosques floors are covered with clean rugs and sheets as Salat requires sitting and bowing on the floor.
9. Hijri New Year
Hijri New Year marks the beginning of the New Islamic year that starts from 1st of Muharram. As the followers of Gregorian calendar celebrate the New Year on 1st of January in the same way Muslims celebrate the New Islamic year. Prophet Muhammad had regarded the 1st Month Muharram as a Holy and Mubarak month. The fasting is also observed (by some Muslims as it is not the religious obligation) in the first 10 days of this month.
Sha’ban is the eight month in Islamic Hijra Calendar. 15th of Sha’ban is called as Nisf of Sha’ban and the preceding night of 15th is called as Shab-e-Barat in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Iran and Afghanistan and Laylat-al-Nisf Sha’ban in the Arab World. The night is regarded as the “Night of Records”. People say Allah Almighty writes the fate of every person at this night for the next whole year. Some people also say that there is a tree in Jannah which shed the leaves in this night. The one whose leaf is shed die in the coming year. For all this people offer Nafal and different Surah’s from Holy Quran and prays to Allah for forgiveness and their and theirs family long life.
It is originally the Holy and sacred night because it has the firm foundation in Quran in Surah Al-Isra that’s why it is also called as Laylat-al-Isra. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) took a journey on Buraq (flying horse) to the farthest mosque where other prophets offered prayer lead by Him. After that he was taken to the heavens where he talked to Allah Almighty for the first time in his life. Five prayers were made the religious obligation this night. Prophet himself even his companions never celebrated this event still Muslims have the tradition to celebrate the event.
The Holy night is rendered as the Night of measures, value or power in English. Laylat-al-Qadr is the night to be found in 5 odd nights of last Ashra of Ramadan (means nights before 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th of Ramadan). The traditions have insisted on the night before 27th of Ramadan. Muslims believe that this is the night when first verses of Quran were revealed to Prophet Muhammad from Allah. Whole Quran was revealed in 23 years through the angel Hazrat Gibrael (A.S). Muslims celebrate this event by offering the extra prayers at night and they kept awake, praying and asking Allah for their forgiveness and to give them what they desire.
Eid-Milad-Un-Nabi is celebrated on 12th Rabi-Ul-Awwal. It is the Holy day of Birth of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W). The great feastings and practices of non-Islamic origin are observed mostly by the orthodox Muslims. Most of the Sunni have approved the celebrations of this event but in the sophisticated way. In most of the Islamic countries Milad is arranged throughout this Holy month. The practice of celebrating this Eid has a positive development of Islam in people and is definitely praise worthy. The feasts are celebrated all around the world by Muslims.
One of the most famous and well observed events of Islam all over the world is Eid-Ul-Fitr. It is celebrated on 1st of Shawaal. The literal meaning of Eid-Ul-Fitr is Festival of Breaking of Fast. Allah Almighty gift the Muslims three days of Eid after the completion of Ramadan (the month of fasting). Rich people have an obligation to give Sadaqatu’l-Fitr to poor people so that they can also celebrate this Eid like they themselves celebrate it. This Eid is celebrated after the Eid prayer in Idgah. Two rakah’s are offered led by imam and preceded by the Khutba. People go to meet their relatives and friends. There is happiness all around. People buy new clothes for this event following the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W). This is the most enjoyable and beautiful event of Islam.
The literal meaning of Eid-Ul-Adha is Festival of Sacrifice. It is called the Greater Festival. This Eid is also celebrated by the Muslims worldwide. The celebrations of this Eid start on the tenth day of Dhu-al-Hajjah and continue for four days. This Eid is celebrated to honor the sacrifice of the Prophet of Allah Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S). On Allah’s order Hazrat Ibrahim was willing to sacrifice Hazrat Ismail (A.S). Allah intervened to provide him a lamb instead of his son. Every Muslim at home who affords is obliged to sacrifice an animal. The meat should be divided in 3 portions, one for the home, second for the relatives and third for the poor. This is a big event of Islam with lot of feasts and fun.
This is the 9th Holy month of Islamic calendar. Muslims of the entire world observed this month of fasting. Fasting in month of Ramadan is among the Main Five Pillars of Islam. Literal meaning of Ramadan is dryness or scorching heat. Fasting in Ramadhan is obligatory for Adults except if someone is ill, traveling, diabetic, breast feeding, pregnant or going through some other personal problem. From Dawn until Dusk Muslims observing fast cannot eat or drink, smoke and engage in sexual relationship. The whole month is celebrated as an important event since the advent of Islam. The month focuses on special prayers and forgiveness.
Hajj is a biggest and most beautiful event of Islam. The literal meaning of Hajj is “to make a journey”. It the world’s largest gathering of Muslims. Hajj is the Pilgrimage to Makkah It is also one of the pillars of Islam. People who afford to go to Makkah should do Hajj atleast once in the life. Dhu-al-Hajjah is the 12th month of Islamic calendar and Hajj is performed in four days from 8th to 12th of this month. Pilgrims wear Ihram that is just two unstitched white cloth sheets. Hajj is being performed by large number of Muslims since the time of Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S). Person performing the pilgrimage has to take 7 rounds counter clockwise about Khana Kaabaa. Then he has to run between the two hills, Al-Saffa and Al-Marwah. If he gets tired he can drink the water Ab-e-Zamzam. Then in the plains of Arafat, standing in the vigil, he has to throw the stones at the devil.
The he need to shave his head, sacrifice an animal in the way of Allah Almighty and celebrate the three days of Eid-Ul-Adha. All the sins of pilgrim are forgiven by Allah. The one who has been called by Allah to his home to perform Hajj is indeed the lucky person.