When people from urban areas shift their homes towards the untouched forests, they actually portend the wildlife and they can be a cause of huge wildfire. Wildfire, as its name implies, is an unmanageable fire in the area of ignitable foliage near the countryside. Wildfires are very different from fires due to their wide size, speed to originate and ability to change the direction suddenly. There are different types of wildfires; a “surface wildfire” spreads along the surface of the forest, a “Ground wildfire”, caused by the ignition below the mineral soil and the fire that propagates through wind and moves through the top of the tress is “Crown wildfire”. Wildfires can be caused by human negligence like undimmed cigarettes, campfires, fireworks or even a discarded piece of glass is sometimes a major reason of wildfire while on the other hand natural climate like lightning, sun light, volcanic eruption or sometimes spark produced by train’s wheel can create wildfire. Wildfire can move as steady as 23 kilometer per hour. Wildfires are also a common reason for many other natural disasters like drought, land sliding and soil eruption. In this article Top 10 Worst Wildfires In The History are written as follow.
10. 2012 Chios Forest Fire
Nearly at 2 a.m. on 18 August 2012, an unruly fire started into the Greek island of Chios. That destroyed 16000 acres of farmlands and forests. About 360 firefighters and 50 vehicles were trying to quench the thirst of this monster. This fire lasted up to 20 August 2012 and burnt many of the forests.
9. 2001 Warragamba Bushfires
On December 25, 2001, a dangerous bushfire spread in the town of Warragamba named as New South Wales (NSW) that destroyed 120 homes and businesses. This bushfire also known as, “Black Christmas”, passed along the state and remained there from 25th December 2001 to 13 January 2002. Officially it is the longest recorded continuous bushfire emergency in NSW. This wildfire devastated a lot because it travelled 60 kilometers in just 6 hours and affected its neighboring towns. Four thousand fire fighters put them in danger to put down the sky touching blazes of fire.
8. 2003 Canberra Bushfires
On 18th of January, 2003, after burning for a weak, the fire entered into the residential area near the border of Canberra. This unkind fire burnt 4 people and destroyed 400 homes within a short period of 10 hours.
7. Black Saturday Bushfire
Due to the extreme weather conditions for bushfire in an Australian state known as Victoria, on Saturday, 17th of February 2009, series of bush fires occurred due to the clashing of power lines. This Black Saturday was responsible for the death of 173 people and combustion of 2030 houses and 3500 structures.
6. 2010 Bolivia Forest Fire
This incident of wildfire caused the worst damage not only in the Amazon but also on the countryside of Brazil. Over 25000 fires were burning across 3700000 acres and damaged more than 60 houses. This fire was caused by the negligence of farmers that were using fire to clean the land. Most affected region of this fire was the north region of Amazonian province, named as “Pando”. Due to this state of emergency, 23 airports were closed down.
5. Ash Wednesday Bushfires
On 16th of February 1983, which is also known as Ash Wednesday II in South Australia, many bushfires occurred on the same day. Until 2009, it was the most deadliest wildfire in Australia history. It was the most costliest disaster in the Australia’s history that buried 3700 buildings, burnt the houses of 2545 persons and killed more than 34000 sheep’s and 18000 cattle’s. About 130000 firefighter’s fought with this dangerous fire.
4. 1967 Tasmanian Fires
Tasmanian bushfire that is also known as “Black Tuesday” initiated on 7th February 1967. It is the most deadliest bushfire happened in Tasmanian history that annihilated 62 people, injured 900 people and left more than 700 people without home. Within the short duration of six hours, it wrecked 652360 acres of farmland. Heat wave and arson was its great ignition source.
3. Wallow Fire
Wallow fire is also known as Bear Wallow Wilderness that initially originated in Eastern Arizona and then rapidly spread to the small parts of western Mexico, U.S and in White Mountains on 26th of June 2011. This fire destroyed 2180 kilometers of the area in Arizona and nearby countries, that’s why it is recorded as the biggest forest fire in Arizona until now. Nearly 6000 people were evacuated. All this damage was due to the carelessness of two people who camped there but did not ended the camp fire. 4 commercial and 36 outbuildings were destroyed and 1 fully damaged. The estimated cost of damage was $109 million.
2. Fire on the Luneburg Heath
Luneburg Heath was the known forest fire until now in the Federal Republic of Germany. This incident took place on 1975 in the southern part of Luneburg Heath present in north Germany. A long period drought dried the forest and a lot of storm damaged the wood, helped in forest fire. Its actual reason is still not confirmed. Some said it was due to the sparking of train’s wheel and other said it was originated due to the arson. Nearly 15000 firefighters tried to over-come the flames of fire. This fire lasted from 7th August 1975 to 17th August 1975. The area destructed by the fire was reforested by the Government of Germany within sometime.
1. The Great Peshtigo Fire
The Great Peshtigo Fire was ignited on October 8 1871, recorded as the worst wildfire in the history of United States. The Peshtigo Fire turned the land of one million acres in to the graveyard of trees and scorched 2500 lives. This fire bunt the vast area of Wisconsin but it took the most lives in Michigan because speedy air excited the fire; it was therefore called as a “tornado of fire”. Lack of rain and dry air could not be more helpful for the ignition of fire. The Peshtigo became completely helpless due to the unavailability of services, as all the phone line, telegraph services and electricity were fully demolished.